Form 7 Life Science

Internet Resources

Specific Information Useful for the Course

Topics Required for Course

Student Summer Opportunities:

Student Contests and Opportunities 

  • Like to play with bubble wrap? This is the contest for you: Deadline is 6:00 p.m. EST on Thursday, November 1, 2007.
  • Explore the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio's Science Expo November 5, 2005, 8:30 - 12:30. They will be showcasing health career educational programs like Physical Therapy, Occupational therapy, Emergency Medicine/Paramedic, Respiratory Therapy, Dental Lab Technology, Dental hygiene, Clinical Lab Science, Deaf Education, Biomedical Science, Dentistry, Medicine, and Nursing and there will be activities dealing with Human Anatomy, Physiology, a Sim-Man, Pathology, Bioterrorism Awareness, Genetics and Hands-On-Labs plus lots more. It is free, but you do have to pre-register by October 14, 2005. If you are interested, see me because I have the pre-registration form, or contact Irene Chapa, PhD at 210-567-3941; You may also contact Ms. Brandi Garza at 210-567-0380;
  • The Sea Stories Project, an international initiative of the Blue Ocean Institute, is soliciting first-person writing about the sea, coast, and sea-life from writers of all levels, including students. Memoir, essays, poetry, and imaginative nonfiction are all welcome, as are photographs, drawings, or other visual arts. Entries are accepted on a rolling basis throughout the year. Selected stories and artwork will be published in a quarterly online journal, "Sea Stories".
  • - Young Naturalist Awards. Deadline is in the spring usually.
  • Toy Challenge - - preliminary deadline January and first entry is February. 
  • Toshiba ExploraVision Awards -  - due January 29, 2008.
  • Let's Get Real - - it is a competition and an opportunity for teams of students to gain experience working on real business problems. Corporate co-sponsors supply real problems for which teams submit solutions in business format. Each team chooses from the list of problems the one it finds most interesting. Problems might include areas such as environmental issues, manufacturing, distribution, engineering, software creation, human resources, health and safety, facilities design, public relations, or any other areas deemed important to the corporations involved. Deadlines vary but most are at the end of January.
  • Christopher Columbus Awards (fomerly Bayer/NSF Awards) - With the help of an adult coach, sixth-, seventh- and eighth-grade students work in teams of three or four to identify an issue they care about and use science and technology to develop an innovative solution. They work with experts, conduct research and put their ideas to the test, just like adult scientists. Entries must be postmarked by February.

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Internet Resources 

These are a few resources that may be of use to you. There are lots of others...

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Fun sites - toys and games, etc.:

Textbook Information and How to Write a Bibliography

Your textbook is Life Science - A Holt, Rinehart and Winston publication by Allen, KZ et al.

How to write a bibliography: We will use the Council of Biology Editors' number style method. You are to number all of your references in this method and reference them in the text of your paper or presentation.

Use the samples below to help you with your sources – if you find your source is different from those below, scroll all the way down to the citation wizard



1.  A book with one author:

List author (last name first with first name initials). Title. Where published: publisher; date of publication. Page of reference. Example below:

Gould SJ. Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; 1987. p 12

2.  A book with two to ten authors:

List first two authors (last name first with first name initials, followed by last name and first initials of second author). Title. Where published: publisher; date of publication. Page of reference. Example below:

Hepburn PX, Tatin JM. Human Physiology. New York: Columbia University Press; 1990. p 256-258

3.  A book with an editor:

List editor (last name first with first name initials), editor. title. where published: publisher; date of publication. page of reference. Example below:

Jonson P, editor. Anatomy Yearbook. Los Angeles: Anatco; 1997. p 300

4.  An encyclopedia:

Name of Encyclopedia. Edition. Where published: who published; when published. Volume number, page numbers.  Example below:

McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. 7th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1982. Volume 3, p 450-454.

5.     An article in a journal:

List author or authors (last name first with first name initials, etc.). title of the article. name of journal year published; volume number: pages. Example below:

Ancino R, Carter KV, Elwin DJ. Factors contributing to viral immunity: a review of the research. Dev Biol 1983; 30: p 156-9.

 6.  An article in a newspaper:

List author or authors (last name first with first name initials, etc.). title of the article. name of paper year published day published; section letter: page (column). Example below:

Krauthammer C. Lifeboat ethics: the case of Baby Jesse. Washington Post 1986 June 13; Sect A: 33 (col 1).

7.  An article in a magazine:

List author or authors (last name first with first name initials, etc.). title of the article. name of magazine year published month published: pages. Example below:

 Van Gelder L. Countdown to motherhood: when should you have a baby? Ms. 1996 Dec: 37-9.

8.     A source on CD-ROM:

List editor (last name first with first name initials,), editor. title [CD-ROM]. where published: who published; date published. Example below:

Reich WT, editor. Encyclopedia of bioethics [CD-ROM] New York: Co-Health; 1998.

9.     Other online sources:

List authors or organization (last name first with first name initials or name of organization). title of site. year month day published. web address (day month year updated). Example below:

 Lederman L. Topics in modern physics -- Lederman. 1999 Oct 10. (12 Dec. 1999).

Exxon Corporation. Environment, health, and safety progress report. 1999. (6 Apr 2000).
Citation Wizard

The page below should help you create citations similar to those above.  It may look a little different but serves the same purpose – giving credit to the authors of a piece of work.

1.     Here is the new and improved template!!! Thanks to Carl Heine for putting this together for us!

2.     Enter all the information you have available to you.  At the minimum:

a.      Author

b.     Title of publication

c.      Publisher (company, city and state)

d.     Date published, date updated, date accessed


Further information on bibliographies and the Council of Biology Editors methods can be found at:

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Circulatory System topics and notes

Cell Notes - organelles

Paramecia worksheet

Pathway of blood - Circulation

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Projects - 

Mitosis and Meiosis - description and resources

Marine Sanctuary Habitat Project

You need to pick your top three choices from the habitats listed in the link. We will pick the final choices . You will be doing research on it for the following two weeks. This project is individual, so pick something you like or to which you are interested!

Cell Project

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  • Lab Write-ups
    • When you carry out a laboratory investigation, it is very important that you keep an organized record of what you do and an accurate record of your results. The question you should always keep in mind when writing your labs is, "Will someone else be able to follow and repeat this, given the information I have written?" Not only should someone be able to follow your lab, they should also get similar results. BE CONSISTENT AND THOROUGH - MORE DETAIL IS ALWAYS BETTER!
    • The general format for every lab will be as follows:
        • This will vary, for obvious reasons, but do your best to state this clearly, usually in the form of a question. (Example: Do plants grow toward light?)
        • Not all experiments will have a hypothesis. Sometimes we will be doing things just to gather information. In these cases, you will only list the purpose of the experiment. However, you may be testing a variable from which you have an expected outcome. In these cases, you must state what you expect to happen. It is important that you state your hypothesis in such a way that your experiment will either support your hypothesis or refute it. (Example: If I place a light by a plant, then the plant will grow towards the light.)
      • MATERIALS:
        • Always list all materials that are used in the experiment, no matter how trivial they may seem. In addition you should always list the materials used to make the measurements (balance, meter stick, ruler, beaker, graduated cylinder, etc.). More detail is always better.
      • PROCEDURE:
        • Here you should systematically describe exactly what you did in the experiment. Be very specific. Remember that someone should be able to accurately repeat the experiment following your directions. Don't leave anything out! Detail, detail, detail - are you sensing a trend?
        • This section should have all of the data you collected (usually numerical in value) and the observations (usually descriptions of what happened, or drawings, etc.) you made during the experiment. There are two main things to remember about drawings and diagrams. If the object being drawn is being viewed through a microscope, record the magnification. Any time you make a drawing, always label as many parts of the drawing as possible. You should do your best to organize data in an understandable fashion. Labeled tables and graphs are required (don't forget the units of measure!). Remember more detail will never hurt you and usually helps! Whatever your conclusion turns out to be, it should be obvious by glancing at your data or observational charts.
      • ANALYSIS:
        • Answer your interpretation and application questions here and discuss any situations that may have affected your results.
        • This should be simply stated and needs to answer all purpose questions. If there was a hypothesis, your conclusion must uphold (agree with) or refute (go against) the hypothesis. (Example: The data supports that light has a positive effect on the growth of plants. No matter where the light was placed, in each experimental setup, the plants always grew toward the light.) If you experienced some type of laboratory error or design error in obtaining your data, you should you should state this here also. YOU SHOULD ALWAYS EVALUATE THE VALIDITY OF YOUR CONCLUSIONS. Be curious, but critical, and question your actions and results. These qualities will always make a good scientist!!
    • There a few other items that I would like for you to address when doing labs. These are not a direct part of the lab write-up, but can directly affect the outcomes of your lab and how you are graded.
      • SAFETY:
        • At all times act responsibly. We will be working with potentially harmful items (i.e. glassware that might break, scalpels, pins, chemicals, or hot plates) over the course of the year. Hazards will be discussed more thoroughly in class. We will also be working with valuable equipment (i.e. microscopes). Please respect these items and treat them with care. This is worth 10% of your grade on the lab.
      • CLEAN-UP:
        • Cleanliness is a very important part of the lab. Your ability to safely clean and put away the equipment with which you work will be evaluated on your lab grade. You will always be expected to clean your lab area before you leave the classroom. Be prepared to do this and allocate time accordingly. This is worth 10% of your grade on the lab.
      • ANIMALS:
        • There will be times that we work with living organisms in the classroom. You are at all times to treat these living things with care. In no way, shape, or form are you to intentionally torment any of them. Violation of this will translate into an immediate zero for the lab in question.
        • Do not worry if you make mistakes during the course of a lab (scientists do it all the time), just strike one line through the information and correct it or explain it thoroughly if it happens to be a procedural error. 
    • If you have any questions, all you have to do is ask!!
    • Current rubrics

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